Quantile Forecasts of Financial Returns Using
Realized GARCH Models

Toshiaki Watanabe

July 2011


This article applies the realized GARCH model, which incorporates the GARCH model with realized volatility (RV), to quantile forecasts of financial returns such as Value-at-Risk and expected shortfall. This model has certain advantages in the application to quantile forecasts because it can adjust the bias of RV casued by microstructure noise and non-trading hours and enables us to estimate the parameters in the return distribution jointly with the other parameters. Student's t- and skewed strudent's t-distributions as well as normal distribution are used for the return distribution. The EGARCH model is used for comparison. Main results for the S&P 500 stock index are: (1) the realized GARCH model with the skewed student's t-distribution performs better than that with the normal and student's t-distributions and the EGARCH model using the daily returns only, and (2) the performance does not improve if the realized kernel, which takes account of microstructure noise, is used instead of the plain realized volatility, implying that the realized GARCH model can adjust the bias of RV caused by microstructure noise.

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